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Study finds: Strength and hypertrophy adaptations between low- vs. high-load resistance training

Schoenfeld, BJ, Grgic, J, Ogborn, D, and Krieger, J, have reviewed the current body of literature and a meta-analysis to compare changes in strength and hypertrophy between low- vs. high-load resistance training protocols. A total of 21 studies were ultimately included for analysis that met the following criteria:

  1. an experimental trial involving both low-load training [≤60% 1 repetition maximum (1RM)] and high-load training (>60% 1RM);
  2. with all sets of the training protocols being performed to momentary muscular failure;
  3. at least one method of estimating changes in muscle mass or dynamic, isometric, or isokinetic strength was used;
  4. the training protocol lasted for a minimum of 6 weeks;
  5. the study involved participants with no known medical conditions or injuries impairing training capacity.

Gains in 1RM strength were significantly greater in favor of high-load vs. low-load training, whereas no significant differences were found for isometric strength between conditions.

Changes in measures of muscle hypertrophy were similar between conditions.
The findings indicate that maximal strength benefits are obtained from the use of heavy loads while muscle hypertrophy can be equally achieved across a spectrum of loading ranges.

You can find the full article (PDF) here.

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Fitness Advice #1 Start Now

Yesterday you said tomorrow

As the New Year approaches, many of you may be writing your New Year´s Resolutions yet. Chances that “get in shape” appears on your list are high. And that´s ok, but let me tell you: about 80% of you will fail. I don´t want to discourage you, but it is what it is.
So, the first and best advice I can give you is this: Start today!
You feel motivated right now and you think this motivation will keep growing and growing, leading you to start exercising soon. Well, it may happen, but my experience (and January´s abandon rate) tells me you have more possibilities to win the lotto.
Motivation sucks because it´s never there when you need it. The moment you have an instinct to act on a goal, apply the 5-seconds rule. In this video, Mel Robbins explains how we all sabotage ourselves, and how we can stop doing it.
Do not wait until New Year, do not wait until next week, do not wait until tomorrow. Whether it is winning a race, losing weight, gaining flexibility, looking good in a bathing suit, or living a long life, start small and work your way up to a better and better you. Please, don´t fool yourself waiting for the perfect moment to start chasing your dreams. There is no perfect moment to start anything other than right now!
Do not wait one more second: go to the gym and get that membership, or buy that pair of dumbbells you need to train at home or the pair of running shoes you need… It doesn´t matter what your specific goal is, today is the right moment for you to start chasing it. No excuses, no overthinking… Just do it.
The toughest part is yet to be: keep going. Rome wasn´t built in a day. A warm day does not make summer. And let me tell you that after your first day working out, you´ll feel proud. But also soreness, tired, and many days from this first day you won´t feel like training. Those who workout on a regular basis know I´m telling the truth. We all feel like that one day (or week) or another! Remember the 5 seconds rule, kick your excuses out of your head and do what you have to do, keep going. A regular (serious) training plan is usually set for 6-8 weeks. On this journey you´ll have good and bad days, great and terrible days, they´re all part of the process.
At this point, you already know that online training is a “thing”. We´ll work together using Evernote, the best app in the market to set goals, track progress, and get things done. That´s what fitness is about, right? Set goals, get things done, and progress towards your dreamed body.
I would love to help you achieve your fitness goals, whatever they are: lose weight, gain muscle, overcome a plateau, running a 5k or a marathon… You name it, I´m an old dog with years of experience and tons of tricks in my sleeve to get you where you want to be. Feel free to check my services, and if you think you need a custom training and meal plan, and I could help you, sign up. The first week is free if you create your Evernote account using my referral link. This way you make sure I´m the right trainer for you without worrying about the money.

“Example, whether it be good or bad, has a powerful influence”. George Washington

Following Washington´s advice, I want to invite you to join my own fitness journey. Yes, it starts today! Just click the “add to calendar” button in the sidebar and you´ll get my daily workout straight on your calendar.

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Then, you can reschedule as best fits your own schedule. Easy, right?

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I have not trained for a long time and these workouts will be suitable for all those who want to start lifting and getting fit. We will progress together, week by week. As an incentive, there will be special offers, gifts, and surprises for those who join. All this will appear only in the notes, in due time. Of course, I am at your disposal to answer any questions and help you get the most out of these workouts.

Just one last thing: Happy Sweating!!

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Open invitation to all coaches/trainers

Dear fellow coach/trainer,

Would you like to get more followers and drive more traffic to your blog? Would you like exposure for your content? I have no advice to get more followers, traffic or exposure. But I do have an offer you shouldn´t refuse.

Back in the day, I started blogging as all of you, with no followers and thousands of questions. After two years of daily posting, I´m proud to say I have thousands of followers and a bunch of answers.

There are some well-known strategies to get your blog out there, like awards, tags, and so on. Between nominations and invitations, I realized guest post worked better for me. It´s logical, I got invited to write about fitness at any blog, some followers of this blogger like what they read and they decided to follow me as well.

I will be in debt forever with Kally, at Middleme for showing up in my email with a great idea, exercising at the workplace. Besides all the fun, the biggest advantage for guest authors are the free backlinks, traffic, and subscribers they receive.

In the other hand, I had the chance to be the host. Again, more followers and traffic. I dare to say it´s a win-win situation. That´s why I openly invite you, fellow trainer, to write a guest post for this blog.

I can offer you 2000 WP followers, almost 3000 followers on Twitter, and near 1000 on Facebook. But most important, a great and active community I love and care about. So, a positive and encouraging message towards a healthy living is required.

Please, email to info@chape.es if you´re interested.

Best,

Chape

 

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Evernote Community Leader

Hellooo, beautiful people!

Huge Breaking News! I´ve received an email this morning. It begins:

“Thank you so much for participating in the Evernote Community Leader training. I really appreciate you working through the exercises and for your patience as we’ve been reviewing everyone’s exercises!

So… here’s where we get to the most important part of the program – your results. The Evernote team has spent time reviewing your final exercise, and I’m happy to say that you’re now an Evernote Community Leader – officially!…”

[…]”

What is Evernote? It´s a productivity tool which helps you meet your professional and personal goals. People around the world use Evernote for education, research, project planning, small business, personal organization, and of course, blogging. A few years ago, I saw a great potential on Evernote for fitness, and I started to work on it. Today, I understand this app is practically limitless, and I´m proud to say I can teach anyone how to use Evernote for fitness. This also means other trainers, clubs, gyms…

Chape´s method is about to change the fitness industry! Do you imagine sharing a digital notebook with your trainer/client where you both what´s done, what´s not, workouts, meals, articles and research papers, reports from other apps, always at hand? Yes, heaven on earth.

But this post is just to let you know that we´re going to talk much more about how to use Evernote for fitness. As you imagine, this designation comes with some extra work, redesigning a little bit the website, writing new content, developing new services and some other things I´m sure I´ll find out I need to do in the process. So, I´m going to take a break from posting exercises until I have these new tasks done. I´ll keep posting the daily quote because I have a personal goal in mind, two years of daily quotes. The first years was easy, and I think I can´t find quotes for three. I´ll be good with two, and I hope you too 🙂

 Speaking of quotes, do you want to know which is my very favorite?

“The best is yet to be.” Robert Browning

I know I should say have a great day but, I´m so joyful right now, I have to wish you a great decade ahead, it´s how I really feel it.

Big hugs!!

 

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Dirty dog

The dirty dog involves your abs, butt, and hips. It´s a great exercise to prepare the body for activity.

Come to a hands and knees position. Engage your abs. Keep your spine in a neutral position; avoid any excessive sagging or arching. Pull the shoulder blades toward your hips.
Exhale. Keeping the knee bent, slowly lift the knee outwards and upwards toward the side. Try to move the leg without causing movement in your torso. Hold this position briefly, while keeping a stable torso and head level with your spine.
Inhale and slowly lower your knee back to the floor.
Repeat and switch legs.

Do you want to gain muscle or lose fat?

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Join us!!! Add to your calendar for free and get fit from home!

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Contralateral limb raise

This exercise is one of the best ways to target your back, particularly the muscles that help to stabilize your spine.

Lie on your stomach on a mat or the floor with your legs outstretched behind you. Your toes are pointing toward the wall behind you. Reach your arms out overhead with your palms facing each other. Keep your head aligned with your spine.

Exhale and slowly stretch one arm and one leg out and lift them off of the floor. Keep your leg straight and your toes reaching to the wall behind you. Keep both hip bones and pubic bone in contact with the mat. Avoiding any rotation in your leg or pelvis. Keep your arm straight and try not to rotate your arm or shoulder. Your head and torso should not move, avoiding any arching in your back. Hold this position briefly. Return to your starting position.

Inhale and return to the starting position.

Repeat and switch sides.

Do you want to gain muscle or lose fat?

dynamic-calendar

Join us!!! Add to your calendar for free and get fit from home!

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Standing Barbell Curl

The barbell curl is a pure biceps mass builder. This is very simple exercise to perform but as with all other exercises, the form is very important. To get the most from this exercise, you must learn to use your biceps to move the weight. Learn how to use your biceps to move the weight without using your body weight and you’ll start to build well shaped biceps.

Hold a barbell or E-Z bar with palms facing forward. Your grip should be shoulder-width apart. The bar should rest on the front of your thighs with your wrists straight, not bent.
Stand in a split-stance position with knees slightly bent to stabilize your body. Brace your torso by contracting your abs. Pull your shoulder blades down and back. Your head and neck should be aligned with your spine.

Exhale. Contract your biceps, bending your elbows, and raising the bar toward the front of your shoulders in a slow and controlled manner. Keep your torso erect and the wrists in neutral. Do not allow the shoulders to shrug, the back to arch or the elbows to move forward throughout this movement.

Inhale. Straighten the elbows and lower the barbell back to the starting position in a slow and controlled manner. Do not bounce the bar off the front of your thighs.

As some of us show structural differences at the elbow, we may not be able to grip the barbell with our arms against our sides in the lowered position unless we force a bend at our wrists. The grip position you select should be the one that is most comfortable and enables you to keep the wrists aligned with the forearm.

Do you want to gain muscle or lose fat?

dynamic-calendar

Join us!!! Add to your calendar for free and get fit from home!

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Barbell Shrug Behind The Back

This is an excellent exercise for your traps, and I like it very much because I don´t need a heavy weight to feel the burn.

Stand up straight with your feet at shoulder width as you hold a barbell with both hands behind your back with palms facing back. Your hands should be a little wider than shoulder width apart.

Exhale as you raise your shoulders up as far as you can go. Hold there for a second.

Inhale and return to the starting position.

Repeat.

NOTICE: Do not lift the barbell by using your biceps. The arms should remain stretched out at all times.

Do you want to gain muscle or lose fat this month?

dynamic-calendar

Dreams don´t work unless you do, remember? Add to your calendar for free and get fit from home!

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Barbell Overhead Triceps Extension

This is a classic exercise for triceps, but you should be careful and I don´t recommend it if you have lower back issues. As you imagine, holding a weight behind your head creates tension in your lower back.

Stand-up holding a barbell or e-z bar with palms facing forward and hands closer than shoulder width apart. Feet about shoulder width apart. Lift the barbell above your head until your arms are fully extended. Keep your elbows in.

Inhale. Keeping your upper arms close to your head and elbows in, lower the barbell behind your head until your forearms touch your biceps. The upper arms should remain stationary and only the forearms should move.

Exhale as you contract your triceps, extending your arms to the starting position.

Repeat.

Do you want to gain muscle or lose fat this month?

dynamic-calendar

Add to your calendar for free and get fit from home!

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Evernote for fitness. Search Tips.

evernote-for-fitness

Hello, dears!

We´ve seen how to get your data into Evernote but, how do you find your notes when you need them? Evernote provides a set of tools for finding almost anything, easily and on-demand.

If you don´t have a lot of notes, the first and easiest way to find your notes is by clicking on a notebook or tag in the left side panel and visually scan the notes.

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This is probably the least advanced method there is, but that doesn’t mean it’s bad. If you know exactly where you want to go, and have organized your notes effectively, simply going to the notebook or tag that the note is categorized by is a great option. As you add more notes, it becomes increasingly difficult.

Next option is the search box. It´s where all the magic happens.

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It works the same way like a search engine, start typing whatever you’re looking for and Evernote will begin narrowing down the results in real time.

If you click on a notebook or tag first, Evernote will limit the search results to those within that notebook or tag group. Also, the search automatically filters out common words like “a”, “and”, “the”, “these”, as well as others,by default. The default method will only display notes containing every word in your search query, but not necessarily in the same order as they are in the search box.

Every note that you create within Evernote has a lot of properties related to it such as what media attachments are included in the note, how it was uploaded and when it was created.

Below are a few of the search operators you can use to narrow down your search:

tag: this operator can be used to find notes with specific tags.

-tag: will search for notes excluding that specific tag.

any: this operator can be used to make a difference between “and” and “or” when you perform a search with two or more words. For example, if you search for pasta recipes the results will be notes that contain only the words: pasta recipes. However, if you add the any operator before pasta recipes (any: pasta recipes) the results will be notes containing pasta OR recipes.

notebook: this operator will specify the search to a specific notebook.

intitle: this operator will search for the specified words in the titles of your notes.

source: this allows you to search via the source you added the note. source:mobile will show you all notes that were created using Evernote on a mobile application.

created: this allows you to search for notes created over a specific time period. created:20140816, searches for all notes created on August 16, 2014.

updated: Searches for notes updated on or after the date specified. If a note hasn’t been updated since the date it was created, the ‘updated’ date will be the same as the ‘created’ date. updated:20140626, searches for all notes updated on June 26, 2014.

todo: Searches for notes containing one or more checkboxes. todo:true, surfaces all notes that contain a checkbox that is checked. todo:false, surfaces all notes that contain a checkbox that is not checked. todo:*, surfaces notes that contain a checkbox, if it’s checked or not.

encryption: Searches for notes that include text that has been encrypted with Evernote’s built-in encryption system.

latitude: longitude: altitude: Searches for notes that were created at or near the specified coordinates.

Use the + or – to include or exclude certain words. Example: weightloss -diet +exercise  will display all notes with the words weightloss and exercise, but not diet. Note that these also work with other search operators, such as tag.

The asterisk can be put at the end of anything and will give you the results of the search term before it. For instance, if you can remember how to spell an exercise, but remember part of it, type what you can remember and add the * at the end, Evernote will take care of the rest. This is especially helpful in cases where you’re searching for the base word, but want to include other variations of it, like plural forms.

You might already use quotations to get an exact phrase. However, you only need one quotation (“) at the beginning of your phase.

You can combine search operators to improve and narrow results. Using the Boolean techniques in combination with search operators is yet another way to improve results.

Eventually,  you can create a “Saved Search” and re-use it whenever you need it. To do this, just construct the search and select File | New Saved Search. Name your search in the first field (this is solely for your use, so name it whatever you feel will make it easy to recognize). To see your saved search, just clear the search bar and click on it. A list of recent and saved searches will appear.

Hope you enjoy your searching!

 

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Evernote for Fitness. Tags.

evernote-for-fitness

Hello and welcome!

This time we´re going to see how to use tags instead notebooks to organize your notes. Organizing is a very personal thing and you have to find which way works better for you.

These are some differences between notebooks and tags you should know:

  • Notebooks are limited to 250 per personal account, but you can have up to 100,000 tags per account.
  • A note can only exist in one Notebook at a time, but a note can have multiple tags.
  • Notebooks can be stacked but not nested. In essence, this means you can only create a hierarchy that is one level deep: a stack with a group of notebooks. In the other hand, tags can be nested into multiple hierarchies.

Applied to your fitness notes, you have at least two options to organize them:

  1. Create multiple notebooks for different topics: Exercises, Recipes, Tips, Motivation, My workout, etc.
  2. Create a single notebook to store all your fitness notes. Instead of placing a note into a specific notebook, create a tag and assign that tag to the note. For example, instead of a notebook called “My workout” create a tag of that name and assign it to all of the notes. The advantage is that you can add other tags as well, like “Weightloss”.

Here is how you can quickly add a tag to notes in Evernote:

  1. Open the note you wish to tag.
  2. Open the tags editor.
  3. Type to add your tags. Tag suggestions based on previous tags in Evernote will appear as you type.
  4. Press Return to add a tag
  5. To delete a tag, backspace over the tag text.

Tags can be nested into hierarchies according to whatever makes sense for you. Keep in mind that they will display alphabetically, so you can use symbols like periods, hashtags, or numbers to force your tags into the order you want.

My hope is that you’ve learned a few tricks from this article which will help you use Evernote to its full potential.

Next week, we´ll see how to find your data in Evernote.

 

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Evernote for Fitness. Tracking your current workout.

evernote-for-fitness

Hello, wonderful people.

No matter what is your workout right now, Evernote allows you to custom every note to your needs.

Create a new notebook for your current workout. Then, create a new note for today (Tip: Include today´s date in the title so it´ll be easier to find later). And make sure to enter any information you need/want to know. For example, today is your first day and you may want to take a selfie to review your progress a month from now. Just take the picture and add it to your new note, as we´ve learned.

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I encourage you to explore the toolbar and find what fits better with you and your workouts: tables, checkbox, etc.

For this example, I would like to try something tough, a giant drop set. Four, actually. Have you ever been able to log a giant drop set in any other app? Me neither.

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Drawing a few tables, it´s possible in Evernote. And after each set, I can easily record how much I´ve just lifted. Also, adding any comment on the go is really easy.

If this is not enough for you, enrich your workout with links and take it to a new level. Let´s say you´ve done your homework and you´ve saved some new exercises you want to include in your routine. In this case, lateral raises. Right-click on the note where the description is at, and select “Copy Note Link”.

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Go back to your workout note, select exercise´s name and press “Ctrl + K” to open a dialog box like this.

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“Ctrl + V” to paste the address and then, ok. Video and description one click away, keeping our workout note clean.

That´s all for today. Next week, tags.