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Standing Barbell Curl

The barbell curl is a pure biceps mass builder. This is very simple exercise to perform but as with all other exercises, the form is very important. To get the most from this exercise, you must learn to use your biceps to move the weight. Learn how to use your biceps to move the weight without using your body weight and you’ll start to build well shaped biceps.

Hold a barbell or E-Z bar with palms facing forward. Your grip should be shoulder-width apart. The bar should rest on the front of your thighs with your wrists straight, not bent.
Stand in a split-stance position with knees slightly bent to stabilize your body. Brace your torso by contracting your abs. Pull your shoulder blades down and back. Your head and neck should be aligned with your spine.

Exhale. Contract your biceps, bending your elbows, and raising the bar toward the front of your shoulders in a slow and controlled manner. Keep your torso erect and the wrists in neutral. Do not allow the shoulders to shrug, the back to arch or the elbows to move forward throughout this movement.

Inhale. Straighten the elbows and lower the barbell back to the starting position in a slow and controlled manner. Do not bounce the bar off the front of your thighs.

As some of us show structural differences at the elbow, we may not be able to grip the barbell with our arms against our sides in the lowered position unless we force a bend at our wrists. The grip position you select should be the one that is most comfortable and enables you to keep the wrists aligned with the forearm.


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Twisting standing dumbbell biceps curl

You can build your biceps by doing curls while standing or seated, and with a variety of tools. The twisting standing dumbbell curl features an extra movement to help give you the biceps you want. This exercise engages the forearms as well as the biceps. In addition to creating balance in the upper and lower arm, this exercise improves wrist mobility.

Stand straight and hold a dumbbell in each hand. Let your arms hang by your sides with the palms facing your body.

Exhale and bend your elbow to raise the dumbbell toward your shoulders. Rotate your forearms as the weights ascend so your palm faces your shoulder at the peak of your movement. Keep the elbow close to your side and the upper arm as still as possible.

Inhale, lower the dumbbell to the starting position slowly. Rotate your forearms in reverse so your palms again face your body when your arms are extended downward. Repeat with the other hand.


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Standing Biceps Curl with Resistance Bands

Effective exercise for your biceps. You don´t need a lot of room for this one.

Stand on the band, hips width apart. Grab a handle in each hand and stand up straight. Contract your abs, bracing your torso. Pull your shoulder blades down and back. Your head and neck should be aligned with your spine. Do not allow the back to arch. Maintain these engagements throughout the exercise. Start with your arms straight down with palms facing forward, and elbows tight to your sides.

Exhale. Slowly bend both elbows in a full range movement. Do not allow the elbows to move forward. Keep the palms facing forward and your wrists straight without any bend. Do not allow the shoulders to shrug.

Inhale. Gently straighten the elbows and lower the handles back to your starting position. Repeat.


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Seated dumbbell biceps curl

An excellent exercise to develop your biceps.

Sit. Your back, head, shoulders, and butt make contact with the bench. Grasp a dumbbell in each hand with your arms at your sides, close to your body and your palms are facing forward. Pull the shoulder blades down and back.

Exhale and slowly bend your elbows bringing the dumbbells toward your shoulders. Do not allow your back to arch, your shoulders to shrug, or your elbows to move forward. Keep the wrists in line with your forearms. Do not allow the wrists to bend throughout the exercise.
Inhale, straight your elbows and lower the dumbbells back to your start position and repeat.


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Standing Biceps Curl with resistance bands

A good exercise to isolate your biceps.

Anchor the band to the door with the door anchor over your head.

Facing the door grip a handle in each hand and stand about 3 to 4 feet away from the door. Keep your back straight, abs engaged, head aligned and a slight bend in your knees. Position your arms so that they are straight, pointed towards the door anchor with palms up.

Exhale and pull the handles and bend your elbows until your hands are almost touching your face. Keep your upper arms parallel with the floor throughout the movement.

Inhale and gently return to starting position. Repeat.


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Lying biceps curl with resistance band

Good morning, beautiful people!

Excellent biceps exercise for beginners and back injured people. Most of the times, beginners assist their biceps on standing curls, swinging, arching their back, etc. Bad news, it´s ineffective and depending on the weight, even dangerous. If we suffer a back injury, sometimes we can´t hold too much weight or any weight at all. This is not a reason for skipping our arm workout.

Anchor your resistance band at the bottom of the door and lay back on your back with your knees bent. Move far enough away from the door so that the band is beginning to stretch.

Exhale and slowly bend your elbows bringing the hands toward your shoulders. Do not allow your back to arch or your elbows to move forward.

Inhale. Straighten your elbows and lower the hands back to your start position. Repeat.


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Standing Dumbbell Hammer Curl

If you are looking for bicep peak, you need to focus on the long head of the bicep. The hammer curl is perfect for this purpose :)

Standing in a split-stance position, hold a dumbbell in each hand  with your palms facing your body. Contract your abdominal muscles and pull your shoulder blades down and back. Your head and neck should be aligned with your spine. Do not allow the back to arch. Maintain these engagements throughout the exercise.
Exhale and slowly bend one elbow, the opposite arm should remain in the starting position. Keep the palms facing your body and your wrists straight without any bend. Do not allow the shoulders to shrug or the elbows to move forward..
Inhale and gently straighten the elbow and lower the dumbbell back to your starting position and repeat to the opposite side.


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Alternate Biceps Curl with dumbbells

This exercise is a classic :)

Standing in a split-stance position to stabilize your body, Your arms are at your sides, close to your body and your palms are facing forward. Pull the shoulder blades down and back. Your head and neck should be aligned with your spine. Do not allow the back to arch. Maintain these engagements throughout the exercise.
Slowly bend one elbow as the opposite arm should remain in the starting position. Keep your torso erect. Do not allow the elbows to move forward. Keep the palms facing forward and your wrists straight without any bend. Do not allow the shoulders to shrug.
Gently back to your starting position. Keep the dumbbell in the neutral position. Repeat to the opposite side.


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Bigger arms!

Everyone wants bigger arms, but there’s no such thing as a magical workout you can do to get them.

Arms

Let´s see the most important muscles:

The Coracobrachialis is a long, slender muscle of the shoulder joint.

The contraction of the coracobrachialis leads to two movements at the shoulder joint. On one hand, it bends the arm (flexion), and on the other hand, it pulls the arm towards the trunk (adduction). To a smaller extent, it also turns the humerus inwards (inward rotation). Another important function is the stabilization of the humeral head within the shoulder joint, especially when the arm is hanging freely straight down.

 

Origin:

Coracoid process of the scapula.

Insertion:

The medial shaft of the humerus at about its middle.

The overuse of the coracobrachialis can lead to stiffening of the muscle. Common causes of injury include chest workouts or activities that require pressing the arm very tight towards the body, e.g. work on the rings in gymnastics. Symptoms of overuse or injury: pain in the arm and shoulder, radiating down to the back of the hand.

Pain and symptoms associated with the Coracobrachialis muscle
– Pain in the back of the upper arm
– Pain in the front of the upper arm around the shoulder joint
– Pain in the back of the lower arm
– Pain in the back of the hand extending down into the middle finger
– Difficulty bending the elbow
– Pain when putting arm and hand behind the head and back
– Pain when raising arm overhead
– Occasionally numbness in the upper arm that can extend into the forearm and back of the hand
Activities that cause coracobrachialis pain and symptoms
– Push ups
– Rock or rope climbing
– Throwing a ball
– Golf
– Tennis
– Lifting heavy weights with outstretched arms and palms facing up

The Biceps brachii, commonly known as the biceps, is a two-headed muscle that lies on the upper arm between the shoulder and the elbow. The Biceps muscle is actually two separate bundles of muscles (heads). The two heads of the Biceps vary in length and as a result, are called the Short and the Long Biceps heads.

 

Origin:

  1. Long head- supraglenoid tubercle and glenohumeral labrum.
  2. Short head- tip of the coracoid process of the scapula.

Insertion:

  1. Radial tuberosity.
  2. Bicipital aponeurosis.

The biceps works across three joints.

Proximal radioulnar joint (upper forearm): It functions primarily as a powerful supinator of the forearm (turns the palm upwards). This action, which is aided by the supinator muscle requires the elbow to be at least partially flexed.

Humeroulnar joint (elbow): It also functions as an important flexor of the forearm, particularly when the forearm is supinated. This action is performed when lifting an object, such as a bag of groceries. When the forearm is in pronation (the palm faces the ground), the brachialis, brachioradialis, and supinator function to flex the forearm, with minimal contribution from the biceps brachii.

Glenohumeral joint (shoulder): TIt weakly assists in forward flexion of the shoulder joint (bringing the arm forward and upwards). It also contributes to abduction (bringing the arm out to the side) when the arm is externally (or laterally) rotated. The short head also assists with horizontal adduction (bringing the arm across the body) when the arm is internally (or medially) rotated. Finally, the short head, due to its attachment to the scapula (or shoulder blade), assists with stabilization of the shoulder joint when a heavy weight is carried in the arm.

Pain and symptoms associated with the Biceps Brachii muscles
– Pain in the front of the shoulder
– Pain in the crease of the elbow
– Weakness in the arm
– Difficulty straightening arm with palm facing down
– Pain at the top of the back of the shoulder (between the neck and shoulder joint)
– Unless there is a recent injury to the biceps muscle, pain is seldom felt directly in the muscle
Activities that cause biceps brachii pain and symptoms
– Lifting heavy objects
– Chin ups, Pull ups
– Playing the violin
– Repetitive twisting of the arm with the elbow bent, ie. using a screwdriver
– The most important function of the biceps brachii is it allows us to carry objects and not pull the shoulder joint apart.
– Violinists and cellists often have problems and pain in the biceps.

The brachialis is a muscle in the upper arm that flexes the elbow joint. It lies deeper than the biceps brachii and is a synergist that assists the biceps brachii in flexing at the elbow.

 

Origin:

  1. Lower 1/2 of anterior humerus.
  2. Both intermuscular septa.

Insertion:

  1. Ulnar tuberosity.
  2. Coronoid process of ulna slightly.

Its primary action is to flex the forearm muscles at the elbow. Due to its high contractile strength, the branchialis makes many arm and elbow movements possible. Such movements are important for the activities of daily life. Because movements involving the arms and elbows are almost always continuous, injuries to the brachialis muscle are quite common.

Pain and symptoms associated with the Brachialis muscle
– Pain at the front and /or back of the base of the thumb
– Constant aching and/or tightness in the outside of the upper arm near the elbow
– Numbness or tingling in the forearm and thumb
– Difficulty bending the elbow
Activities that cause brachialis pain and symptoms
– Lifting heavy objects with a bent elbow
– Picking up children
– Holding up heavy tools
– Working at the computer
– Chin ups
– Playing the oboe, clarinet, and saxophone

The Triceps Brachii muscles are located on the back of the humerus and more commonly referred to as the triceps. The triceps muscles have three muscle heads: Lateral, Medial and Long head.

 

Origin:

  1. Long head: infraglenoid tubercle of the scapula.
  2. Lateral head: upper half of the posterior surface of the shaft of the humerus, and the upper part of the lateral intermuscular septum.
  3. Medial head: posterior shaft of humerus, distal to radial groove and both the medial and lateral intermuscular septum (deep to the long & lateral heads).

Insertion:

  1. Posterior surface of the olecranon process of the ulna.
  2. Deep fascia of the antebrachium.

Primarily responsible for the extension of the elbow joint (straightening of the arm). It can also fixate the elbow joint when the forearm and hand are used for fine movements, e.g., when writing. The lateral head is used for movements requiring occasional high-intensity force, while the medial fascicle enables more precise, low-force movements.

With its origin on the scapula, the long head also acts on the shoulder joint and is also involved in retroversion and adduction of the arm.

Pain and symptoms associated with the Triceps Brachii muscle
– Pain in the back of the shoulder
– Pain at the base of the neck
– Pain on the outside of the elbow
– Pain throughout the back of the elbow
– Feeling of weakness in the elbow
– Pain in the back of the upper arm
– Can make elbow hypersensitive
– Occasionally pain and/or burning down into the fourth and fifth fingers
– Difficulty straightening and bending the elbow
– Pain is usually dull and aching, rarely is the pain sharp or stabbing
Activities that cause triceps brachii muscle pain and symptoms
– Tennis
– Golfing
– Swinging a baseball bat
– Repetitive pushing downward action
– Forcefully holding something down.

The anconeus muscle (or anconaeus/anconæus) is a small muscle on the posterior aspect of the elbow joint.

Anconeus

Origin:

Posterior surface of the lateral epicondyle of the humerus.

Insertion:

Lateral aspect of olecranon extending to the lateral part of ulnar body.

It assists in extension of the elbow, where the triceps brachii is the principal agonist, and supports the elbow in full extension. It also prevents the elbow joint capsule being pinched in the olecranon fossa during extension of the elbow. Anconeus also abducts the ulna and stabilizes the elbow joint. Anconeus serves to make minute movements with the radius on the ulna. In making slight abduction of the ulna, it allows any finger to be used as a axis of rotation of the forearm.

Activities That Cause Pain and Symptoms of the Anconeus

– Forced and repetitive gripping of a large and/or wide object
– Extreme sudden hard extension (straightening) of the elbow
– Pushing a door closed
– Rotating arm to shake hands
– Golfing (non-dominate arm)
– Tennis (dominant arm)
– Rowing motions